Interior design: what it is and how it can help you have more beautiful and functional spaces

Defining the real estate project is a process that requires a lot of attention and care. This is because, if the result is not pleasant, the relationship with the space can be affected. In times of pandemic, for example, many people saw the need to carry out small renovations in their homes to make them more cozy and functional. These modifications range from setting up an office or adapting the environment for physical activities and hobbies.

Therefore, designing an internal environment like tajresidencia requires a lot of responsibility and some people still don’t understand the process. Many still reduce interior design to decoration, however, it goes far beyond that. Professionals in the area are responsible for planning, researching, coordinating and managing projects to improve a property or environment. The goal is always to obtain a healthier and aesthetically pleasing space for people.

What is interior design?

Interior design is the area responsible for planning and carrying out space projects. The goal is that interventions in real estate make it functional without losing sight of the quality of life of those who live there. The projects involve decoration and functionality, ranging from the finishes and materials used to the furniture.

We can date interior design to before 1000 BC. That’s because, the Egyptians were already building their houses in view of today’s design principles. Buildings made of clay were filled with wooden furniture, straw rugs and animal skin fabrics. In addition, these peoples transformed the walls of their houses into murals, portraying their tastes and customs, as we do with pictures and photographs.

Interior designer: get to know the profession

The interior designer is the professional responsible for designing and executing the interior design projects. His knowledge and skills involve everything from a sense and references to decoration to the technical eye of an engineer and a design.

When we say that these professionals do much more than just decorate an environment, we are dealing with all the processes that involve their work. An interior design can create personalized furniture that is ideal for the environment and its residents, in addition to working with landscaping. .

Another very important point concerns the sustainability of the projects. An interior designer focused on more responsible action can bet on the reuse of furniture and articles. This can be done by creating spaces such as home gardens.

What interior design involves

As stated earlier, the process for interior design goes far beyond decorating an environment. But after all, what are the points that a professional in the field must deal with?


Every interior designer will work on a project layout. It contains all the furniture equipment and objects in the environment to be designed. It is up to the professional to properly distribute all of these articles in order to organize the flow of space, create places of permanence and hierarchize the space. This work can be done from the floor plan of the property, and in cases of free plans, the layout becomes essential.

Some designers, for example, subverted the plans when executing what we call open spaces, using more than walls to divide the areas, but rather the structure of the furniture itself.

To develop a good layout, the professional must pay attention to accessibility standards, escape routes for fire and minimum dimensions for rooms. However, another trend is the micro-apartments, and it can be explained by the population growth, causing increasingly dense cities and more expensive properties. These ventures demonstrate that the standards for interior design need not be so strict. It is enough to understand the needs of the space and the user to propose functional layouts.


Although interior design is not just about furniture, it directly influences the quality of any project. The responsible professional must choose what favors the routine and the functioning of the space, always aiming to improve their relationship with the user. Another important point of observation is to ensure that the choices made by the designer do not harm elementary items such as circulation.

We talked about the ever-decreasing number of spaces – the apartments are getting smaller and smaller – and attention to the choice of furniture is paramount. As such, it has become increasingly common for interior designers to choose to design bespoke items. In this way, it is possible to make the most efficient use of each square centimeter.

In addition, it is possible to rely on so-called flexible furniture. These objects, as the name implies, enable the flexibility of the environment and its function as banks that can be stacked, collapsible months and that can be used in double function. These furniture are seen as the future of the industry.


When we talk about ergonomics for interior design, we are referring to the health and well-being that the environment can bring to users. The quality of the space is essential as the insecurity and unhealthiness can be very harmful to people’s physical and mental health. An environment with a lot of noise, for example, can raise the stress levels of residents and, therefore, thinking about sound insulation during a renovation is very important.

Comfort encompasses several spheres, such as the aesthetics of the environment, air circulation, accessibility and application of technologies and strategies to facilitate the user’s life. How is space visually perceived when it inhabits it? Is it acoustically comfortable? Does air circulate in order to guarantee its quality and milder temperatures? Interior design deals with these issues together.

Thus, ergonomics is related to designing well-adapted spaces and devices, respecting the physiological, anatomical and even psychological characteristics of the inhabitants and users of each room. It is the relationship between the environment and the actions and behaviors that will be developed by the residents’ body and mind.

Materials and finishes

Although the choice of materials and finishes is closely linked to aesthetics, interior design involves the analysis of its functionality, cost and composition. This is because, it is very important to measure the effects that these materials can cause to the environment throughout its useful life and how it relates to the entire project.

Therefore, the choice of these coatings or finishes must consider:

  • Project objective: the choice of materials must accompany both the function for which the space is intended and the needs of users. Thus, it is important to assess the level of traffic and use of the environment, how cleaning, wear and exposure to the sun and other natural elements will be carried out. In addition, other factors such as color and texture can influence the impressions that the environment makes, which may contribute to its compression and diffusion of light.
  • Composition material: this point is about defining the resistance, flexibility and malleability of objects. Thus, it is possible to define your applications.
  • Installation: The installation of the coverings must be analyzed. Will it be done by means of fixation or adhesives? This consideration helps to save and avoid errors during the work.

Interior design: the importance of a professional

Having your own property allows some changes and renovations to be made to adapt the environment to your needs and dreams. However, the reform process can be very stressful when you don’t have the right professionals. If your goal is to idealize the interior design in your home, hiring a designer may be the best option. These professionals have a holistic view of the process and can carry out interventions that optimize the use of space.

However, in many cases, a complete reform may not be feasible. Thus, the recommendation is to make sure of the condominium rules before purchasing your property and choose the developments that are most structurally similar to your goals, reducing the need for interventions.

To acquire your ideal property, you can count on partners such as Casa MineiraImóveis. On its portal it is possible to filter your main needs and locate your dream residence. In addition, be sure to check the contents of our blog, with materials always updated and reliable on the real estate market.